Monthly Archives: April 2013




The Jomon are the people of Hotsuma. As we see from the chart, Isanami and Isanagi lived 3,000 years ago. The time of Kunitokotachi was approximately 10,000 years ago. The Hotsuma Tsutae chronicles an era of about four to two thousand years ago, from Toyouke the fifth Takami-musubi through Jimmu Tenno.

Where from?

An infusion of people came from the Lake Baikal region 13,000 years ago. This land in Southern Siberia is currently called Buryatia. Paraphrasing the Heritage of Japan:

At a certain stage during the glacial age, the land of Paleolithic Japan was connected to the mainland at two points (at Kyushu and at Tsugaru). The oldest evidence of this … is found in the Chitose Shukubai Remains in Hokkaido dating between 23,000 to 20,000 years ago. … It is thought that there are two flows of immigrants: through the north of Tibet and through the south of the Himalayas. “DNA research shows that the modern day populations in Okinawa and Ryukyu islands and the Ainu people in Hokkaido are genetically connected to the Jomon people. They share the same genetic markers, features in their body anatomy as well as similarity as ATL virus-carriers.”

Kyushu (Kumamoto) may have been occupied 34,000 years ago. Shikoku has been inhabited continuously from Paleolithic through Jomon times.

“ The Jomon people carry a genetic marker called the ab3st haplotype or blood marker that is shared by Monogoloid populations found today among the Koreans, Tibetan, Eskimo and Yakut peoples, but the marker is commonest among the Baikal Buryats living around Lake Baikal.”

“A separate recent mitochondrial DNA study on the haplogroup M12 = the mitochondrial component of Japanese genes, the counterpart of Y chromosome D lineage – also confirmed the direct connections of Japanese haplotypes with Tibet. This rare haplogroup is possessed only by mainland Japanese Kpreans, and Tibetans, with the highest frequency and diversity in Tibet. These Paleolithic ancestors were thought to have migrated into Japan sometime around 20,000 years ago.”


Climate Changes

The chart also shows the temperature fluctuarions over the last 13,000 years. Observe the time of Kunitokotachi was just after the last Ice Age and the temperature was still rather cold. By the time of Ukemochi, the temperature had become more moderate, and Toyouke’s time was rather warm. As we read in Hotsuma Tsutae, in Amateru’s time it grew colder and he moved to a more southerly climate to better grow rice.


Julian Way 858:

Hotsuma Tsutae:

Heritage of Japan: