Principal Locations in Hotsuma

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The map shown is from The World of Hotsuma Legends, by Mitsuru Ikeda, 1996. We briefly describe the significance of the places shown on the map.

Tagajo. Tagajo is a city near Sendai. It was the home of Lord Toyoke, the Fifth Takamimusubi, ruler of Hitakami (now Tohoku). His palace was there, and he taught his grandson Amateru the Way of Hotsuma before Amateru assumed his position as the 8th  Amakami.

Nihari.  Near Tsukuba. Isanami and Isanagi spent their early married life in Nihari. Amateru sent Ninikine to open up land for agriculture. Ninikine had a palace in Tsukuba when he governed the land around three thousand years ago. He created rice paddies in Harami and moved his palace there. Harami.  Southern foothills of Mt. Fuji.

Harami was the home of the second Amakami To no Kunisatsuchi, six generations before Amateru built his own palace there. Isanami and Isanagi had a palace near Harami and Amateru was born there. Ninikine, 10th Amakami, also built a palace two generations after Amateru.

Tsuruga.  Palace in Kita-no-Tsu from which Ninikine’s sons, Sakuragi (Honosusumi) and Utsukine (Hohodemi), governmed the Land of Ne. Hohodemi became Amakami. He was buried at the palace of Isasawake in Tsuruga and became the deity of Keyi.

Taga in Omi. Now in Shiga-ken, Taga was once the home of Kunitokotachi as well as Isanami and Isanagi, also Honoko, wife of Amateru, and Wakahime the sister of Amateru. It is 10 miles into the mountains of Lake Biwa. Oshihomimi, 9th Amakami, held court there, as did Ugayafuki Awasezu (from Mizuho). Taga Taisha in Shiga is an offshoot of Taga Jinja in Tagajo.

Isawa. South of Harami, Amateru built a new capital. It was home to his grandson Ninikine as well when Amateru lived there.

Miyazu. In Tamba no Kuni, the northwest near Ama-no-hashitate. Toyoke quelled a disturbance there at Amateru’s request. He built a palace and ruled until he died there at Manai. Toyoke’s tomb is on Mt. Kujigatake, behind the Hinumanai Jinja. Amateru lived in Miyazu for ten years following the death of his grandfather to provide solace for the grieving populace.

Kibune.  Now known as the home of Kifune Jinja in the valley adjacent to Kurama yama. Ninikine built a palace in honor of the water goddess Mizuhanome to prevent floods and improve irrigation. He honored the deity of fire at Atago jinja to prevent calamities caused by lightening. Since he divided (wake) thunder (ikatsuhi), people called him Wake-Ikatsuchi. Where he lived, Kamigamo, came to be known as the heavenly house of Wake-Ikatsuhi, Waketsuchi Shrine. It is now known as Kamigamo Jinja. Mt. Waketsuchi is now called Mt. Kibune.

Izumo.  Sosanowo conquered the Land of Izumo. He built the Kitsuki, or Yaegaki, Palace which is now Izumo Taisha.

Kagoshima and Udo.  Lord Hadekami/Hadezumi lived at the foot of Mt. Kirishima. After Hohodemi arrived in Udo, he received assistance from the lord in finding his brother’s lost  fishhook. Hohodemi became Lord of Tsukushi/Kyushu. The Kagoshima palace of Hohodemi, 12th Amakami, and Toyotama was on the northern edge of Kagoshima Bay.