Category Archives: Hotsuma

Tanabata Matsuri — A Star Festival of Ancient Hinomoto

In this post, we discuss the popular Tanabata Festival in terms of its origin.  This star festival of the Weaver was traditionally held on the seventh night of the seventh lunar month. It is held in July or August in modern times.

While many think erroneously that the Tanabata Festival is of Continental origin, this post by Julian Way shows that it was known in the ancient land of Hinomoto Japan long before Continental contact:

     “Tanahata is a festival already ancient in Hotsuma times.”

Tanahata is a loom for ori weaving.  Tanahata matsuri is indigenous to the early people of Japan and is described in the Wosite documents Mikasafumi and Hotsuma Tsutae. This passage is from the Mikasafumi document.

From Namekoto no Aya in Mikasafumi,  as presented in Julian-Way:

afumi matsu     /     fume ni yawashite

kaze to nasu     /     yumi hari ni umu

iu to asa     /     woto tanahata no

hoshi matsuri     /     mochi ha miwoya to

iki tama ni     /     yena no hasuke no

me-wo a-e ha     /     a-ogi odori te

i o ukuru

Mikasafumi Namekoto no aya

Afumi  is the 7th month of the luni-solar calendar of the old days. Fume ni yawashite, the heat of summer is softening.

Yumi-hari is the first quarter of the moon, the seventh day, so the night sky is dark and stars can be seen. At the end of the seven days, a ceremony is held. Cotton and asa (hemp) are spun in the ceremony called woto tanahata no hoshi matsuri.  [Hoshi matsuri, star festival, where hoshi means star and matsuri is translated festival, although it meant an observance in the olden days.]  This is the star festival of Tanahata.

From time immemorial, weaving was sacred work that has been entrusted to women. The ceremony of tanahata, too, was considered sacred.

The special Wosite letter  wo  seen in the third line of the verse has a vertical line indicating the unseen connection to the stars. Stars are honored as ancestors. The other  wo  in  me-wo  refers to male and  me  to female.

Amemiwoya and Universe

The origin of Universe can be understood through Amemiwoya as the Great Origin. Amemiwoya is the Cosmic Parent. Amemiwoya is like the pole star, and Kunitokotachi and the eight Kunisatsuchi sons are like the stars rotating around the pole star.


In short, weaving is precious work that makes Ame-no-nori the Law of the Cosmos visible in form. So, both the order of the world and governing were taught by likening to hataori weaving with a loom.

Tanahata is a festival already ancient in Hotsuma times.

Odori, dance

なんと、(祖先を)仰ぎ、 踊って アメ のエネルギーを受ける・・・元気になる。

Our ancestors looked up, danced, and received the energy of Universe and  –good health.


It was our tradition from Jomon times.

Long ago, when thinking of the beginning of the world and the beginning of people while looking up at the beautiful stars in the night sky, our hearts communed with our precious ancestors and started this ceremony dedicated to stars.


Image above: Woodblock print, Tanabata Matsuri in Edo by Hiroshige

Photo: Sky and Telescope


Note added:  2022.06.16.  This post was prepared in 2017.06.08 and not published. Since Tanabata season is about to begin, we are publishing this post for all to learn about the origin of Tanabata and the Obon Odori in Jomon/Wosite times. For more about Wosite, please see our other site, WoshiteWorld.


June 21 2022 – the solstice

Iwaya-Iwakage of Kanayama Megaliths

Elevation of the sun, in degrees, at 50 degrees north latitude. From Explaining Science

Explaining Science has posted an article entitled, June 21 2022 – the solstice, of interest to the readers of Iwakage. The above illustration from that post shows that the sun reaches its greatest elevation on the 21st of June in the U.K. It is also the date of the maximum hours of daylight. The article goes on to state:

The precise astronomical definition of the June solstice (also called the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere) is theexactpoint in time when theNorth Pole is tilted furthest towardsthe Sun.


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Calendar: 5. UTC Global Solar Calendar

Iwaya-Iwakage of Kanayama Megaliths

The UTC Global Solar Calendar. By Shiho Tokuda.

UTC Global Solar Calendar

We present above the first appearance of the UTC Global Solar Calendar. The Global Calendar is determined by the four astronomical quarter dates (the equinoxes and solstices) and the four astronomical cross-quarter dates (ACQ dates). The ACQ dates are also called “midway” dates; see our earlier posts in this series.

The eight astronomical dates and times are given in the table below, and were obtained from the website of the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. Solar longitude is measured in degrees from the vernal equinox. “Midway” indicates the sun’s altitude as being midway between the adjacent equinox-solstice altitudes. These four midway dates appear on the diagonals of the circular calendar. Notice that the equinoxes do not determine the boundaries of any season. That is why there are six seasons in this calendar, and only six of the eight…

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“The Root of Taoism is in Wosite Japan” – 3. To-no-Wosite and Taoism


Mother of the West holding peaches of immortality

To-no-Wosite and Ukesuteme

We have described how the teachings of To-no-Wosite were brought to China from Hinomoto many millenia ago. We have also presented the story of Ukesuteme who became the spiritual master, Mother of the West, known to Taoists as Xi Wangmu.

To no Wosite and Taoism

We now come to the title of this series, “The Root of Taoism is in Wosite Japan.” It is derived from this part of Beace’s post:







In other words, the root of Taoism (Shinsen thought) is To-no-Wosite and the Jomon philosophy and culture that were introduced to the continent from Japan.

Beace is stating the the root of Taoism is threefold, all stemming from the Wosite civilization:

(1) To-no-Wosite teachings

(2) Jomon-Wosite philosophy

(3) Jomon-Wosite culture

Ukesuteme Becomes Mother of the West and Deity of Longevity

The To-no-Wosite…

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“The Root of Taoism is in Wosite Japan” –  2. Ukesuteme is Mother of the West


Seiōbo, Mother of the West, Ukesuteme. (Nisi no Haha Seiōbo by Maruyama Okyo, 18th century)


Trained by Toyoke Kami, Ukesuteme herself became a sage and a human kami, i.e., a spiritual master. Her name in Japanese is Nishi-no-Haha (also pronounced Seiōbo), Mother of the West, whose birthday is celebrated on the third day of the third month. This is also the day of the Hina Matsuri, or Girls Day, also called the Festival of the Peaches, for she is associated with the abundance of peaches. See our post on Hina Matsuri.

Ukesuteme in China

The effect that Ukesuteme had on China is threefold:

  1. She taught the wisdom of To-no-Wosite in western China,
  2. She became a spiritual master, the Taoist Immortal Xi Wangmu, and
  3. Her To-no-Wosite teachings may be the main root of Taoist philosophy.

Let us learn how Ukesuteme became the Queen Mother of the West.

Ukesuteme and Toyoke-Kami

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“The Root of Taoism is in Wosite Japan” – 1. Taoism and Mother of the West


Legendary Taoist sage Lao Tzu of the 5th century BCE


“The root of Taoismisin Wosite Japan.”

This is our Wosite teacher Beace’s stunning thesis in her post here. We render her article into English in this series of three posts.

The wisdom of To-no-Wosite was developed in the early days of the Wosite civilization. The founder of the land of Hinomoto (an early name for the islands of Japan) was Kunitokotati. His eight children spread civilization far and wide. In particular, Ka-no-Kunisatuti took the To-no-Wosite teachings to the land in the west which we now call China. He and his descendants settled in the western mountains, thousands of years ago. They thrived by following the Way of To, and this may have been a root of the Way of Tao, or Taoism.

As the centuries rolled on, people drifted away from the Way and society became disharmonious…

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Calendar: 4. Global Solar Calendar

Iwaya-Iwakage of Kanayama Megaliths

Kanayama Megaliths Solar Calendar, a global solar calendar. Art by Shiho Tokuda.

Kanayama Megaliths Solar Calendar

The solar calendar of the Kanayama Megaliths is depicted here. We will also call it the Six-Seasons Global Calendar. Winter solstice 12/22 is at the bottom. In the three previous posts, we have explained how this calendar is constructed from the four yearly quarter dates (the solstice and equinox dates), plus the four astronomical cross-quarter ACQ dates. In the numerous reports we have posted on this Iwakage site about observational events throughout the years, you have seen how field data are collected to establish where we are in this yearly cycle.

The Calendar is a framework for the cycle of seasons of the year. It is kept accurate by real-time observations of solar events. Some of the observational events are spots of light on surfaces which are made by beams of light from the…

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Calendar: 3 Sinusoidal Sun, Lahaina Noon, and Six Seasons

Iwaya-Iwakage of Kanayama Megaliths

Solar declination

Solar Declination is Sinusoidal

To understand the calendar theoretically, we need to study the sun’s declination and its altitude over the course of a year.Solar declination is the angle between the sun’s rays and the plane of the earth’s equator. It is shown above as 23.4 degrees for summer solstice when the sun appears highest in the sky.

Solar year: earth orbits sun (

By agreeing on this definition of declination, and since the earth’s orbit around the sun is nearly circular, the combined effect of viewing the sun from earth over a linear time period of a year we obtain the sinusoidal graph below. Sinusoidal is an adjective meaning like a sine function, a sine curve, shown here.

Sinusoidal function. Credit here.

When we calculate the declination of a theoretical earth-sun system from geometrical principles of earth in orbit, we get a sine curve for angle…

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Katakamuna, Ryutai, and Wosite Scripts


Wosite is not the only script of ancient indigenous Japan. There were many others. Of all these scripts, Wosite is one of the oldest and the most “scientific.” By that, we mean that Wosite is systematic and logical, and its basis is a deep understanding of the principles of the universe and the physical laws by which it operates. This depth of concept that is encoded in the Wosite script is evidence of abstract thinking of early people. This may come as a surprise to many moderns who have assumed that we have only recently come to this level of thought and consciousness.

Popular Kamiyomoji Culture in Japan

There is currently a rather widespread interest in Japan of looking toward the past, to the Jōmon period, from the end of the last Ice Age to the turn of the Common Era.

This is true of anime and manga which depict mythological characters in fantasy. Where are the artists getting their inspiration from? There is also a “healing” and a “powerspot” boom for those seeking an improvement in their lives. Some of the “healing” is said to come from writing Kamiyomoji “divine characters” much as Buddhists meditate by copying sutras over and over. Kamiyomoji are scripts of indigenous Japan, long before Chinese writing was introduced. We have observed that some of those interests are connected with what we know about the Wosite civilization and culture. We students of Wosite can gain fuller understanding by taking a look at these peripheral subjects.

Katakamuna, Ryutai, and Wosite Scripts

Katakamuna verse

Some of the readers of our Okunomichi and WorshiteWorld blogs came to our sites to read about Katakamuna, so we know that people are searching on that keyword. Katakamuna is one of the ancient scripts and we have written on that subject, although there is a very limited amount of primary source material. Ryutai is another script which we will present in this article.

Ages of these scripts are hard to pinpoint. Followers of Ryutai claim that it is one of the oldest scripts at 5,600 years of age, which we will shortly explain. Katakamuna is difficult to date, but it is also very old. Wosite researchers such as Beace state that Wosite existed 6,000 to 8,000 years ago, 4,000 to 6,000 BCE. This would make Wosite older than Ryutai. And the Futomani of Ryutai was formed following the Hutomani of Wosite as many of the Ryutai blogs indicate.

Ryutai Script

Ryutai script is called in modern Japanese ryutaimoji. Written in kanji (modern Chinese letters) as 龍体文字, Ryutaimoji may be translated as “dragon characters.” The word 龍 ryu meaning dragon has replaced the native Japanese word for dragon, たつ tatsu. Followers believe that each character has a Kototama meaning with its own power for healing, and they become practitioners by repeatedly writing out Ryutai characters. 

Ryutai Futomani

Do you recognize the familiar layout of the mandalas shown at the top? We know the one on the left as the Motoake chart of the cosmic origin of the universe as described in the Wosite document, the Hutomani which was compiled by Amateru Amakami. The version of the Motoake chart with inscribed Ryutai characters is called Futomani. The Ryutai Futomani chart is formed from the Wosite Motoake by replacing the 48 Wosite characters by their corresponding Ryutai letters. 

The central circle may seem unfamiliar, but it is simply a 90-degree rotation of the Amoto circle of Amemiwoya. The three Ryutai letters are the three Wosite characters for A-U-Wa. “A-U-Wa” in Wosite means the Birth (U) of Cosmos (A) and Earth (Wa), namely the origin of the universe. 

Kami of the “Age of Gods”

It is the dating of the mythological “Age of Gods” of the governmentally-sanctioned Kojiki, produced in 712 CE, that gives rise to Ryutai dating. In other words, the names of the Kami indicate offer a clue as to the events of their period. For example, if we know when a certain Kami lived, then associated events can be approximately dated and a sort of history established. This seems to be the case with the Ryutai.

Glossary for this Western-conventional translation (not our translation).  English-language translations of the old documents of the historical period of Japan, such as the Kojiki, were produced by Westerners from a Christian culture. They used words such as “god” and “heaven” which were foreign concepts to native Japanese. Nevertheless, we are stuck with these non-politically-correct terms. 

“神, Kami” is translated as “god.” (However, in indigenous Japan, a Kami is a Kami, not a god.)

“天, Ama, Ame” is translated as “Heaven.” (In indigenous worldview, Ama is Space or Cosmos, as different from Earth.)

Note that Wosite researcher Beace has defined Kami as she understood the ancient people meant. Please see our interpretations of her posts. Since Beace was the teacher of Okunomichi, the writer of these WoshiteWorld blogs, the posts on this site provide our understanding of Kami and Ama. They can be found by use of the Search box.

“別天津神, Kotoamatsukami” refers to the first group of “gods” to appear after creation, as described in the Kojiki.

The Kotoamatsukami appeared in this order:






Dating Ryutai

The two steps in the reasoning of the Ryutai age come from (1) Ryutai appeared in the time of Umashiashikabihikoji, and (2) Umashiashikabihikoji lived around 5,600 years ago. Therefore, it is said that Ryutai script is 5,600 years old.

Applications to Modern Generation

As previously mentioned, Ryutai is being touted as a healing practice. Wosite, on the other hand, is not only a healing practice, it offers the modern generation a sustainable worldview. Wosite offers us the wisdom of our ancient ancestors who knew well the principles of the Universe. Wosite wisdom is a set of guidelines for people to live in harmony with each other, with Nature, and with Universe. We can follow these guiding principles to make a world of higher consciousness, well-being, and happiness for our children and the future.


Japanese Emperors Summary from Takenouchi Documents and Wosite Documents

As we said in our earlier post about the Takenouchi (Takeuchi) Documents:

The Takenouchi records were compiled over a vast period of time; they were preserved by the Takenouchi family until these modern times. 

The Wosite (Woshite) Documents include the Hotuma Tutaye (Hotsuma Tsutae), the Mikasahumi (Mikasafumi), and the Hutomani (Futomani). The two sets of documents give similar as well as different histories.

In this post, we compare the emperor lists from Takenouchi and from Wosite, generation by generation. Our reference book for Takenouchi is completely in Japanese which is difficult to read. I refer to our source as “Volume Heaven,” of a two-volume set (the other volume being “Volume Earth.”)

In the combined list below, we give in brackets the corresponding names and generations from Mitsuru Ikeda’s, World of Hotsuma Legends. Some female spouse names are given; some names could not be transcribed by Okunomichi.

Note: Names ending in mi or me are female.

1 Ame hi nomuto ashikabi kimi no shi no mihikari ohokami sumira mikoto

2 Tsukuri no shiki yorozu omihikari no sumira mikoto 

& Tsukuri no shikihorozumi no mihikari no kisaki no miya

3 Ame no hinomuto hinohino minoshi kami sumira mikoto mihikari no kami

4 Ame no minakanushi

5 Ame no yakudario

6 Ame no mekudari mimihikari no kami no sumira mikoto

7 Ame ahiahasumidomi hikari sumira mikoto

8 Ame yaotaru himihikari amatsu hitsugi sumira mikoto

9 Ame no yasoyorozutama

10 Takamimusubi

11 Kanmusubi

12 Umashi ashikabi hikoji

13 Ame no ??? & Ameno tokomino …

14 Kuni no tokotachi & Kuni no tokohime

[1 Kunitokotachi]

[2 Kunisatsuchi (To & Ye)]

15 Toyokumo nune & Toyokunmi

[3 Toyokunnu]

16 Uhijini & Suhijinimi

[4 Ubichini & Subichini]

17 Tsunuguhi & Ikuguhi

18 Ohotonoji & Ohotonomi

[5 Ōtonochi & Ōtomae]

19 Omodaruhiko & Omotaruhime

[6 Omotaru & Kashikone]

20 Kashikone & Kashikomi

21 Izanagi & Izanami

[7 Isanagi & Isanami]

22 Amasakanori Himukatsuhime

[8 Amateru & Mukatsuhime]

23 Ame no Oshihomimi & ???

[9 Oshihomimi]

24 Ame Ninigi & Konohanasakuyahime

[10 Ninikine]

25 Amatsuhiko Hohodemi & Toyotamahime

[11 Hohodemi]


1 Take Ugaya Fukiahasezu & Tamayorihime (last entry in the volume)

[12 Ugayafuki-Awasezu]

[ Ikeda continues with “Human Emperors”]

[1 Iwawarehiko (Jimmu)]

[2 Kanugawamimi (Suizei)]

[3 Tamatemi (Annei)]

[10 Mimaki (Sūjin)]

[11 Ikumeirihiko (Suinin)]

[12 Woshirowake (Keikō)]

The Wosite list ends here since the documents were compiled for Emperor Keikō.