The Motoise Sansha, are the three shrines of Motoise: Motoise Naiku Koutai-jinja, Motoise Geku Toyouke Daijinja, and Amano Iwato Jinja. Motoise means that these shrines were prior to the founding of the Ise Jingu shrines.
Motoise Geku Toyouke Daijinja 豊受大神社（とゆけだいじんじゃ）
This post is about Toyouke Daijinja, one of the Motoise Sansha listed above.
We visited Toyouke Daijinja in April 2013. Toyouke Daijinja is an old village shrine in 京都府 Kyoto Fu, 福知山市 Fukuchiyama Shi, 大江町 Oe Machi, Amata. It is also called Motoise Geku Kotai Jinja.
Koutai Jinja (Toyouke Geku) is the okumiya inner shrine of Motoise Naiku/Geku. Densho shrine literature says that Sujin Tenno in his 39th year, 59 BCE, built it. [Note: JTC’s Hotsuma site says in Aya 33 that Mimaki/Sujin went in the 7th year to Hinumanai Jinja to pray. That would make it 58 BCE.] Before that, there was an omiya in Sakurai, Nara. Sujin’s ancestors told him to have another place for omiya. He went to Tanba and built this jinja. After four years he went back to Yamato, to Sakurai Kasanui.
I believe that this jinja is connected to Toyoke Kami through the Manai Jinja and Hinumanai Jinja of Mineyama. I would be curious to see how they are located geographically.
References: http://www.genbu.net/data/tango/geku_title.htm http://www.geocities.jp/k_saito_site/doc/tango/motoisegekuooe.html http://www.geocities.jp/flow_and_stock/jisya-chugoku/motoisegekuu.html
Motoise Sansha, Naiku, Himurogatake, and Amano Iwato Jinja
Location of Motoise Naiku Kotai-jinja Shrine: 217 Naiku, Oe-cho, Fukuchiyama City, Amano Iwato-jinja Shrine: 206-1 Butsushoji, Oe-cho, Fukchiyama CityMotoise Geku Toyouke-daijinja Shrine: 60 Amadauchi, Oe-cho, Fukuchiyama City – A 10-minute walk from Oe-Yamaguchi-Naiku Station on the KTR Miyafuku Line. The other shrines are Motoise Geku Kotai-jinja Shrine / Amano Iwato-jinja Shrine.
Naiku Kotai Jinja is dedicated to Amaterasu Omikami.
These paragraphs below include comments from Yoshida San’s pamphlet about the Motoise Sansha, the Amano Iwato Jinja, and the pyramid mountain that lies near it. The urasando back promenade of Naiku goes to Amano Iwato Jinja which he considers the okumiya of Naiku. On the way, you see the triangular profile of Himurogatake mountain. On summer solstice, the sun sets at the mountain top.
This mountain, Himurogatake, is also known as Iwatoyama, Shiroyama, Hihura gatake, Himurotake. It is a sacred mountain. On top is a large iwakura, it is said. Stones are placed like zoukebutsu, man-made buildings. The east side of the mountain (facing us) was a sacred place where no one was allowed to enter.
Takasoko Shiroyama is a mountain across from it, and it is not a pyramid. Takasoko jyo is a castle on imperial land. An Amakami (Koutai jin) has his remains here, legend says. Could it be Amateru?
We continue on to Amano Iwato Jinja. At the torii, the stone steps are uneven and steep. It is next to the Miyakawa (Isuzu kawa). Amano Iwato Jinja stands on a kyogen, a megalith, although it could be simply the outcropping of the mountain. It’s hard to tell by looking from the bottom. The shrine is so high above that I could only leave my offering on a rocky ledge.
Photos on this post by Okunomichi (c) 2011 and 2013.