We again observed Ka La I Ka Lolo, Lahaina Noon in Honolulu. The morning of July 16, 2022 was cloudy in Honolulu. By 12:30 the remaining clouds revealed a bright blue sky. However, the sun was playing peek-a-boo. We started taking photos of the shadow at the base of a bollard in a parking lot. From left to right, we can see that the shadow which is on the left (the west) of the bollard gradually shifts to the right (the east).
The times of the above four photos were 12:36, 12:37, 12:38, 12:39, respectively, Hawaiian Time (UTC – 10).
In this post, we discuss the popular Tanabata Festival in terms of its origin. This star festival of the Weaver was traditionally held on the seventh night of the seventh lunar month. It is held in July or August in modern times.
While many think erroneously that the Tanabata Festival is of Continental origin, this post by Julian Way shows that it was known in the ancient land of Hinomoto Japan long before Continental contact:
“Tanahata is a festival already ancient in Hotsuma times.”
Tanahata is a loom for ori weaving. Tanahata matsuri is indigenous to the early people of Japan and is described in the Wosite documents Mikasafumi and Hotsuma Tsutae. This passage is from the Mikasafumi document.
From Namekoto no Aya in Mikasafumi,as presented in Julian-Way:
afumi matsu / fume ni yawashite
kaze to nasu / yumi hari ni umu
iu to asa / woto tanahata no
hoshi matsuri / mochi ha miwoya to
iki tama ni / yena no hasuke no
me-wo a-e ha / a-ogi odori te
i o ukuru
Afumi is the 7th month of the luni-solar calendar of the old days. Fume ni yawashite, the heat of summer is softening.
Yumi-hari is the first quarter of the moon, the seventh day, so the night sky is dark and stars can be seen. At the end of the seven days, a ceremony is held. Cotton and asa (hemp)are spun in the ceremony called woto tanahata no hoshi matsuri. [Hoshi matsuri, star festival,where hoshi means star and matsuri is translated festival, although it meant an observance in the olden days.] This is the star festival of Tanahata.
From time immemorial, weaving was sacred work that has been entrusted to women. The ceremony of tanahata, too, was considered sacred.
The special Wosite letter wo seen in the third line of the verse has a vertical line indicating the unseen connection to the stars. Stars are honored as ancestors. The other wo in me-wo refers to male and me to female.
Amemiwoya and Universe
The origin of Universe can be understood through Amemiwoya as the Great Origin. Amemiwoya is the Cosmic Parent. Amemiwoya is like the pole star, and Kunitokotachi and the eight Kunisatsuchi sons are like the stars rotating around the pole star.
In short, weaving is precious work that makes Ame-no-nori the Law of the Cosmos visible in form. So, both the order of the world and governing were taught by likening to hataori weaving with a loom.
Tanahata is a festival already ancient in Hotsuma times.
なんと、（祖先を）仰ぎ、 踊って アメ のエネルギーを受ける・・・元気になる。
Our ancestors looked up, danced, and received the energy of Universe and –good health.
It was our tradition from Jomon times.
Long ago, when thinking of the beginning of the world and the beginning of people while looking up at the beautiful stars in the night sky, our hearts communed with our precious ancestors and started this ceremony dedicated to stars.
Image above: Woodblock print, Tanabata Matsuri in Edo by Hiroshige
Photo: Sky and Telescope
Note added: 2022.06.16. This post was prepared in 2017.06.08 and not published. Since Tanabata season is about to begin, we are publishing this post for all to learn about the origin of Tanabata and the Obon Odori in Jomon/Wosite times. For more about Wosite, please see our other site, WoshiteWorld.
Explaining Science has posted an article entitled, June 21 2022 – the solstice, of interest to the readers of Iwakage. The above illustration from that post shows that the sun reaches its greatest elevation on the 21st of June in the U.K. It is also the date of the maximum hours of daylight. The article goes on to state:
The precise astronomical definition of the June solstice (also called the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere) is theexactpoint in time when theNorth Pole is tilted furthest towardsthe Sun.
We present above the first appearance of the UTC Global Solar Calendar. The Global Calendar is determined by the four astronomical quarter dates (the equinoxes and solstices) and the four astronomical cross-quarter dates (ACQ dates). The ACQ dates are also called “midway” dates; see our earlier posts in this series.
The eight astronomical dates and times are given in the table below, and were obtained from the website of the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. Solar longitude is measured in degrees from the vernal equinox. “Midway” indicates the sun’s altitude as being midway between the adjacent equinox-solstice altitudes. These four midway dates appear on the diagonals of the circular calendar. Notice that the equinoxes do not determine the boundaries of any season. That is why there are six seasons in this calendar, and only six of the eight…
We have described how the teachings of To-no-Wosite were brought to China from Hinomoto many millenia ago. We have also presented the story of Ukesuteme who became the spiritual master, Mother of the West, known to Taoists as Xi Wangmu.
To no Wosite and Taoism
We now come to the title of this series, “The Root of Taoism is in Wosite Japan.” It is derived from this part of Beace’s post:
In other words, the root of Taoism (Shinsen thought) is To-no-Wosite and the Jomon philosophy and culture that were introduced to the continent from Japan.
Beace is stating the the root of Taoism is threefold, all stemming from the Wosite civilization:
(1) To-no-Wosite teachings
(2) Jomon-Wosite philosophy
(3) Jomon-Wosite culture
Ukesuteme Becomes Mother of the West and Deity of Longevity
Trained by Toyoke Kami, Ukesuteme herself became a sage and a human kami, i.e., a spiritual master. Her name in Japanese is Nishi-no-Haha (also pronounced Seiōbo), Mother of the West, whose birthday is celebrated on the third day of the third month. This is also the day of the Hina Matsuri, or Girls Day, also called the Festival of the Peaches, for she is associated with the abundance of peaches. See our post on Hina Matsuri.
Ukesuteme in China
The effect that Ukesuteme had on China is threefold:
She taught the wisdom of To-no-Wosite in western China,
She became a spiritual master, the Taoist Immortal Xi Wangmu, and
Her To-no-Wosite teachings may be the main root of Taoist philosophy.
Let us learn how Ukesuteme became the Queen Mother of the West.
The wisdom of To-no-Wosite was developed in the early days of the Wosite civilization. The founder of the land of Hinomoto (an early name for the islands of Japan) was Kunitokotati. His eight children spread civilization far and wide. In particular, Ka-no-Kunisatuti took the To-no-Wosite teachings to the land in the west which we now call China. He and his descendants settled in the western mountains, thousands of years ago. They thrived by following the Way of To, and this may have been a root of the Way of Tao, or Taoism.
As the centuries rolled on, people drifted away from the Way and society became disharmonious…
The solar calendar of the Kanayama Megaliths is depicted here. We will also call it the Six-Seasons Global Calendar. Winter solstice 12/22 is at the bottom. In the three previous posts, we have explained how this calendar is constructed from the four yearly quarter dates (the solstice and equinox dates), plus the four astronomical cross-quarter ACQ dates. In the numerous reports we have posted on this Iwakage site about observational events throughout the years, you have seen how field data are collected to establish where we are in this yearly cycle.
The Calendar is a framework for the cycle of seasons of the year. It is kept accurate by real-time observations of solar events. Some of the observational events are spots of light on surfaces which are made by beams of light from the…
To understand the calendar theoretically, we need to study the sun’s declination and its altitude over the course of a year.Solar declination is the angle between the sun’s rays and the plane of the earth’s equator. It is shown above as 23.4 degrees for summer solstice when the sun appears highest in the sky.
By agreeing on this definition of declination, and since the earth’s orbit around the sun is nearly circular, the combined effect of viewing the sun from earth over a linear time period of a year we obtain the sinusoidal graph below. Sinusoidal is an adjective meaning like a sine function, a sine curve, shown here.
When we calculate the declination of a theoretical earth-sun system from geometrical principles of earth in orbit, we get a sine curve for angle…
UTC stands for Universal Time Coordinated, or Coordinated Universal Time. It is the standard used for standard time zones around the globe. It is also the standard used for astronomical events.
“Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is a standard, not a time zone. In other words, it is the base point for all other time zones in the world. They [other time zones] are determined by their difference to UTC. UTC [itself] is represented as UTC +0.